HOME Blog In Search of the Shoebill

In Search of the Shoebill

What is it – a bird? A dinosaur? Tyler and Shannon headed to Uganda on a quest to find out more about one of Africa’s most enigmatic inhabitants, the shoebill

If you’ve ever been dubious about birds being the descendants of dinosaurs, look no further than the shoebill. Just look at it; it’s basically a flying dinosaur.

Even its scientific name, Balaeniceps rex (which literally translates to “King of the Whale Heads”), sounds more like a name reserved for a giant prehistoric reptile than a stork-sized modern-day waterfowl.

It’s a strange bird, and that’s saying something – in a class of animals with more than 10,500 representative species, ranging from hummingbirds to ostriches, it stands out. In fact, for a long time, scientists didn’t know where to place it – was it more closely related to herons, or storks, or pelicans, or . . .? These days, it’s in a monotypic family (meaning its closest living relative is in another family entirely) within the order that contains pelicans and herons.

For all these reasons (it’s a bird, pretty weird, and looks like a dinosaur), plus the fact that it’s a rare and threatened species, (some estimates suggest as few as 5,000 individuals left in the wild) I’ve always wanted to see one. And badly – as in, been at the top of my most-wanted list for years.

And so it was this last February, for our sixth wedding anniversary (thanks for being a good sport, love), that Shan and I went to Uganda for a long weekend getaway to find romance and a bird.

Part of the fun of this journey was the fact that AirKenya had recently launched direct flights from the Mara to Uganda (part of a brilliant plan to directly connect a Mara safari with gorilla-trekking) – which meant that we pretty much walked out of our front door to board a plane at the Angama Airfield and, after a brief stop in Kisumu for immigration, disembarked in Entebbe after about an hour-and-a-half scenic flying time.

From Entebbe, most people would board another short flight to go in search of great apes – but not us. We left the airport to drive to the other side of town and hitch a boatride across a channel, where we were picked up and driven to Nkima Forest Lodge, perched atop a hill overlooking the home of the shoebill, Mabamba Swamp.

Recognized as a Wetland of International Importance by the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands, and an Important Bird Area by Birdlife International, Mabamba has a lot more to offer than just shoebills, but shoebills are what put it on the map as perhaps the world’s most easily accessible site to find these scarce and elusive birds.

But it almost wasn’t so: while a shoebill is opportunistic in what it eats, its preferred food is fish, and local fishermen took exception to that, persecuting the birds to near extirpation. Thankfully, concerned citizens and conservation groups launched a programme to not only educate fishermen, but empower them. Now shoebills are respected and valued within the local community, and many fishermen double as birding guides, earning a respectable income from protecting these gangly fish-eating former dinos.

We found just such a bird guide, Shakul, early one morning and, after paying our conservation fees, were the first out on that day’s shoebill search. We launched the boat down a narrow channel bordered by towering papyrus, and as we motored quietly along, Shakul expertly navigating myriad channels, I couldn’t help but feel that this primordial swamp was just the place to find a dinosaur.

The chances of seeing a shoebill in Mabamba are good, but never guaranteed – it can sometimes take two or three boat rides to find one. But we were lucky – Shakul managed to find one in relatively short order, finally convincing me that these strange creatures do, in fact, exist.

Shoebills are well-known for their persistence when stalking prey, moving at a determinedly glacial pace, with patience and concentration that can last for hours, until striking forth with the speed and agility of a viper. And so it was with our bird – stealthily and unwearyingly creeping along like one of those statue street performers, only once breaking character when an otter burst forth from the water in front of it, spooking it into a short flight.

Although we never did get to witness it catch a fish, it was still a marvel to watch and somehow kept us on the edge of our seats for the better part of two hours. I didn’t want to leave, but a chilly drizzle and the promise of a hot cup of tea back at Nkima Forest Lodge coaxed us back to shore. So we set off for home, water gliding silently beneath us, and left the swamp, and the dinosaurs, behind us.

Filed under: East Africa Travel

Tagged with:

African Wildlife , Bird Photography , Birding , Birdlife , Shoebill , Travel East Africa , Uganda , West of Angama Mara

About: Tyler Davis

Guide and birding fundi, Tyler was also one half of the regional director couple that lead the team at Angama Mara for the first five years. Being the birding extraordinaire that he is, he was known to let his attention wander during meetings. The trick to keep him focused was to place him with no direct view of anything feathered. Tyler ensures that we are a grounded and well-rounded team. He also sometimes forgets to take his binoculars off at dinnertime.

Browse all articles by Tyler Davis Meet the angama team

Keep Reading

The Migrant Birder Returns 1 December 2020 While the Great Migration may be East Africa’s better-known natural phenomenon, for Adam Scott Kennedy, the migratory habits of East Africa’s birds are far more awe-inspiring By Adam Scott Kennedy
A Ugandan Safari: Part One 9 February 2016 Nicky and Kate explore the Queen Elizabeth National Park by boat and by car, seeing birds, animals and mystical mountains aplenty By Nicky Fitzgerald
This Week At Angama #68 24 May 2019 From captivating landscapes and silhouettes, to a discovery of a new pride of nomadic lions, it has been another amazing week in the Mara Triangle By Jeffrey Thige
The Lions of the Triangle: An Update 9 February 2024 From deadly territory conflicts to the constant shift in coalitions, the lions of the Mara Triangle are living proof that change is the only constant in the wild By Robert Sayialel
Join the Conversation (4 comments)

Comments (4):

Mike Madin

17 July 2020

Used to see them on numerous occasions in the reed beds around the outskirts of Homa Bay in the late 70s and even saw one in the reeds in the garden of the Homa Bay hotel when I did a remembrance visit in 95. So I guess if one looks hard enough they can still be found around Homa Bay and Kendu Bay

    Nicky Fitzgerald

    20 July 2020

    Hi Mike Thanks so much for sharing your Shoebill stories and I am sure readers visiting Homa Bay and Kendu Bay will keep keen eye open for these magnificent birds when there. All the best Nicky

Caroline Hermes

14 July 2020

How interesting! It sure does look prehistoric. Wonderful shots.

    Nicky Fitzgerald

    20 July 2020

    Hi Caroline, Thanks so much for checking in and delighted you enjoyed this post All the best Nicky

Leave a Comment:

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked*